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Most Common Types of Brain Injuries

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Posted on September 12, 2022

A traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have a major impact on your life. TBIs occur when you hit your head, experience a violent jolt, or have an object penetrate your skull. These injuries often lead to complications and impairments in function, which could be temporary or permanent.

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There are many types of brain injuries, some of which are more severe and life-threatening than others. However, if you experience any type of head injury, it is important to seek medical care as soon as possible—the sooner that you receive treatment, the lower the chances of dangerous complications. Also, it’s crucial to speak to an Athens injury attorney as soon as you can for legal advice. 


A concussion is a common brain injury that occurs after you experience a blow to the head or violent shaking. These injuries often happen because of a fall, sports injury, or an accident like a motor vehicle crash. 

Concussions often cause subtle symptoms that may not appear immediately. Some of the most common symptoms include:

  • Headaches
  • Temporary amnesia
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Ringing in the ears
  • Confusion
  • Dizziness 

Diffuse Axonal Injuries

Axons are thin fibers in the brain that help electrical impulses travel between neurons, which are nerve cells. They are essential for receiving sensory input and helping control your motor functions. Without axons, your brain could struggle to communicate with the rest of your body.

A diffuse axonal injury occurs when an injury to the brain impairs the function of your axons. This injury may cause a coma, swelling, and a loss of certain bodily functions.


Edema is another term for swelling, which can be very dangerous in the brain. When the brain swells, pressure can increase inside of the skull and fluid can build up. This injury can be life-threatening. Swelling can happen after any type of TBI, which is why you should go to the doctor as soon as possible following an accident. 


Hematoma is an injury that occurs when blood collects in the brain or the spaces between the brain and the skull. Usually, hematoma is caused by a ruptured blood vessel. Common symptoms of hematoma include headaches, seizures, and difficulty speaking or moving.

Skull Fractures

The skull is responsible for protecting the brain. During an accident, the skull can fracture and break, which can lead to serious complications. When the skull is fractured, you could develop an infection, suffer changes in brain function, and experience symptoms like headache, confusion, and loss of consciousness.

What to Do If You Suffer a Brain Injury in an Accident

Brain injuries can be very serious. If you injure your head in an accident, it is important to seek medical attention as soon as possible, even if you do not feel hurt. Some brain injuries do not show symptoms at first.

After you seek medical care, you should contact a lawyer who specializes in brain injury claims. If someone else’s actions caused your accident, you may be eligible for an insurance claim or lawsuit against him or her. An attorney can help you assess your legal options and recover compensation to pay for medical care, lost wages, and other damages related to your brain injury.

Contact an Athens brain injury lawyer as soon as possible to initiate your case and take your first steps toward compensation.